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Screening and identification of potential hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic compounds from aqueous extract of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi root combing affinity ultrafiltration with multiple drug targets and in silico analysis

作  者:Yongbing Xu, Yawen Li, Guilin Chen, Minxia Fan, Guangwan Hu*, Mingquan Guo*
刊物名称:Phytochemical Analysis


Introduction: Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, a traditional Chinese medicine, is widely applied to treat various diseases among people, especially in East Asia. However, the specific active compounds in S. baicalensis aqueous extracts (SBAEs) responsible for the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic properties as well as their potential mechanisms of action remain unclear.Objectives: This work aimed to explore the potential hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic compounds from SBAE and their potential mechanisms of action.Methodology: The in vitro inhibitory tests against lipase and alpha-glucosidase, and the effects of SBAE on glucose consumption and total triglyceride content in HepG2 cells were first performed to evaluate the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects. Then, affinity ultrafiltration liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) screening strategy with five drug targets, including alpha-glucosidase, alpha-amylase, protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), lipase and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) was developed to screen out the potential active constituents from SBAE, and some representative active compounds were further validated.Results: SBAE displayed noteworthy hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic properties, and 4, 10, 4, 8, and 8 potential bioactive components against alpha-amylase, alpha-glucosidase, PTP1B, HMGCR, and lipase were initially screened out, respectively. The interaction network was thus constructed between the potential bioactive compounds screened out and their corresponding drug targets. Among them, baicalein, wogonin, and wogonoside were revealed to possess remarkable hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects.Conclusion: The potential hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic bioactive compounds in SBAE and their mode of action were initially explored through ligand-target interactions by combining affinity ultrafiltration LC-MS strategy with five drug targets.