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Assembly of an active microbial consortium by engineering compatible combinations containing foreign and native biocontrol bacteria of kiwifruit

作  者:Long Lin, Li Li, Qianhua Wu, Longteng Zhou, Bozhen Wang, Limin Wang, Xiaolong Shao, Caihong Zhong*, Guoliang Qian*
刊物名称:Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal


Assembling functional bacterial biocontrol consortia is expected to expand the scope and efficiency of biocontrol agents. Generally, bacterial interspecies interactions lead to incompatibility events, as bacteria can produce antibacterial compounds and/or assemble contact-dependent killing (CDK) devices. Here, we aimed to assemble a bacterial consortium comprising Lysobacter enzymogenes OH11 and Bacillus safensis ZK-1 for the synergistic control of bacterial and fungal diseases of kiwifruit. ZK-1, a native kiwifruit biocontrol bacterium, is effective against Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa) that causes bacterial kiwifruit canker, but has weak antifungal activity. OH11 is a foreign kiwifruit biocontrol agent with strong antifungal activity. While OH11 was unable to produce anti-Gram-negative metabolites, this strain could utilize type IV secretion system as an antibacterial CDK weapon. We first observed that OH11 could inhibit growth of ZK-1 by generating diffusible anti-Gram-positive antibiotic WAP-8294A2, whereas ZK-1 failed to generate diffusible antibacterial compound to inhibit growth of OH11. To disrupt this interspecies incompatibility, we generated a transgenic OH11-derived strain, OH11W, by deleting the WAP-8294A2 biosynthetic gene and found that OH11W did not kill ZK-1. We further observed that when OH11W and ZK-1 were co-inoculated on agar plates, no CDK effect was observed between them, whereas co-culture of OH11W or ZK-1 with Psa on agar plates resulted in Psa killing, suggesting L. enzymogenes and B. safensis assemble antibacterial CDK weapons against bacterial pathogens, and these CDK weapons did not affect the compatibility between OH11W and ZK-1. Based on these findings, we assembled an OH11W/ZK-1 dependent consortium that was shown to be functional in controlling bacterial canker and several representative fungal diseases of kiwifruit.